A mosquito is a prehistoric arthropod that persists globally. Among the 3,500 species of mosquitoes that exist, humans are threatened by the genera Anopheles, Aedes and Culex. Zika, dengue, malaria, heartworm and chikungunya are mosquito-borne diseases. During the monsoon, the prevalence of dengue becomes high in Bangladesh. The hill districts are malaria prone areas and the northern part is prone to filariasis.
To prevent mosquito-borne diseases, take the following preventive measures:
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• Use preventive mosquito nets while sleeping to avoid mosquito bites.
• Cleaning mosquito habitats such as any water tanks, flower boxes, water buckets, discarded boxes, etc., to prevent mosquito breeding.
• Use mosquito repellent ointments, sprays or coils.
• In areas prone to filariasis, ensure the availability of anti-filariasis drugs.
• It is mandatory to take anti-malaria medication before and after traveling to a malaria-prone area.
• Encourage mosquito repellent activities such as fogging, cleaning mosquito breeding areas and spraying with larviciding insecticides.
However, if symptoms of dengue fever, malaria, heartworm, or chikungunya such as fever, headache, or chills appear, seek medical attention immediately.
The author is a research and policy assistant at the Center for Research, Innovation and Action for Development (CRIDA). Email: [email protected]