Dengue, typhoid, brush typhus cases on the rise; know the symptoms and advice from an expert | Health

Amid the growing cases of dengue, malaria, typhoid and scrub typhus, doctors across the country are advising people to take adequate precautions and avoid self-medication when sick. While the cases of Covid-19 in the capital are under control, there is an upsurge in cases of many water-borne and mosquito-borne diseases. Dr Manoj Sharma, senior internal medicine consultant at Fortis Vasant Kunj Hospital, explains that the symptoms of most of these diseases, from dengue fever, malaria, typhoid to scrub typhus, can overlap and that it is important to make the correct diagnosis.

“We have been able to contain Covid-19 in the NCR to a large extent thanks to the cooperation and combined efforts of all. As we guard against great evil in the form of Covid-19, the usual demons of this season in the form of dengue, malaria, hepatitis, typhoid fever, gastrointestinal infections, brush typhus and ‘other infectious diseases started sticking out their fangs to attack,’ says Dr Manoj Sharma, senior internal medicine consultant at Fortis Vasant Kunj Hospital.

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“We must guard against these diseases by maintaining hygiene, eliminating mosquito breeding water collections, wearing long-sleeved clothing, using mosquito nets, repellents and other possible measures,” he said. he declared.

Calling dengue the most dangerous and frightening of all, Dr Sharma says the deterioration from the disease can be rapid and fatal.

“Common symptoms of dengue are high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, severe body aches, back pain, nausea or gagging,” he explains. symptoms.

Do not self-medicate

Dr Sharma says diseases like malaria, typhoid fever, brush typhus can have overlapping symptoms and all of them, including dengue, can cause multiple organ damage that requires seeking appropriate medical care. instead of self-medication which can complicate the disease.

Overlapping symptoms

“In diseases like malaria, dengue, typhoid, brush typhus unless a specific diagnostic test is performed, other laboratory settings can also be confusing and sometimes there can be mixed infections. and the number of platelets may decrease to varying degrees, although in dengue platelets drop to a dangerously low level. The parameters of liver function tests may again be altered in each of them to varying degrees “, explains Dr Sharma.

Avoid pain relievers, stay hydrated

“As a general precautionary measure, all pain relievers should be avoided, only paracetamol should be used and the intake of fluids should be kept on the upper side,” explains the doctor.

It emphasizes the correct diagnosis as there are different treatments for dengue, malaria, typhoid and brush typhus.

“As the management of various ailments occurring during this season can vary widely, ranging from avoidance of most drugs like in dengue fever to specific drugs like antimalarial drugs for malaria and specific antibiotics for typhoid or brush typhus, health advice and a checkup should be sought for good management, ”he said.

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