Mosquito Nets – Chance For Rosi Tue, 24 May 2022 12:17:40 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Mosquito Nets – Chance For Rosi 32 32 What is West Nile virus and can it cause meningitis? Tue, 24 May 2022 12:17:40 +0000

West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne virus. People can contract the virus through a bite from an infected mosquito. WNV can cause mild symptoms in most cases. In some cases, it can cause a more serious illness, such as meningitis.

Mosquitoes can carry WNV and transmit it to humans through a mosquito bite.

WNV may not cause any symptoms in some people, while others may have mild, flu-like symptoms. In severe cases, WNV can lead to more serious conditions, such as meningitis or encephalitis.

This article looks at what WNV is, how it can happen, symptoms to look out for, and treatment.

WNV is a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. WNV can infect humans through the bite of a mosquito carrying the virus.

WNV can occur in some climates during mosquito season, such as late summer to early fall in temperate regions and year-round in southern regions.

WNV usually causes mild flu-like symptoms. In some cases, WNV can cause serious illnesses, such as meningitis.

A mosquito can become infected with WNV by feeding on infected birds. Mosquitoes can then transmit WNV if they bite humans or other mammals.

An infected mosquito bite is the The most common cause of WNV, but in rare cases it can also be transmitted by:

  • exposure to WNV in the laboratory
  • blood transfusion
  • organ transplant
  • a pregnant person to their baby, whether during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding

WNV is not spread by any of the following:

  • cough or sneeze
  • human contact
  • handling birds infected with WNV, dead or alive
  • touch live animals
  • eating an animal with WNV

In some cases, WNV can cause meningitis, which is inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord.

WNV can also cause encephalitis, which is inflammation of the brain, or meningoencephalitis, which is inflammation of the brain and surrounding membranes.

If the virus crosses the blood-brain barrier, which helps protect the central nervous system, it can cause inflammation of the meninges, which are layers of membrane protecting the brain and spinal cord.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 8 out of 10 people infected with WNV will not show any symptoms of the virus.

The CDC states that 1 out of 5 people may develop symptoms, such as:

  • fever
  • headache
  • aches
  • articular pain
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • eruption
  • fatigue
  • weakness

In a few people, approximately 1 in 150WNV can cause encephalitis or meningitis, which can lead to the following symptoms:

  • high fever
  • headache
  • neck stiffness
  • stupor, which includes impaired consciousness, extreme lethargy, or decreased response to external stimuli
  • disorientation
  • coma
  • tremors
  • seizures
  • muscular weakness
  • vision loss
  • numbness
  • paralysis

A doctor may first take a medical history and assess symptoms.

To diagnose WNV, a doctor may perform a lumbar puncture. A doctor will insert a needle into the spinal canal to take a sample of cerebrospinal fluid. They may also do blood tests to check for the presence of WNV.

A doctor can then send the samples to a lab to check for the presence of WNV antibodies, which could indicate past or present infection. A lumbar puncture can also test for meningitis.

Viral culture tests can also help diagnose WNV from the fluid sample. Doctors may also perform reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) tests to help with diagnosis.

WNV can cause serious illness in anyone, but people over 60 are at higher risk of serious illness from WNV infection.

People are also at higher risk of serious illness from WNV infection if they have certain medical conditions, including:

  • cancer
  • Diabetes
  • high blood pressure
  • kidney disease
  • an organ transplant

There is currently no specific vaccine or medication to treat WNV. To treat mild symptoms, people can take over-the-counter pain relievers.

Some people who have a fever and other symptoms, such as headaches and body aches, make a full recovery, but may still feel tired or weak for weeks or months following infection.

To treat serious illness caused by WNV, such as meningitis, people may need treatment in hospital, which may include:

  • intravenous fluids
  • analgesic
  • respiratory assistance if necessary
  • prevention of secondary infections

Some people can recover from viral meningitis in 5 to 14 days without needing medical treatment.

Complications of WNV can include:

  • encephalitis
  • meningitis
  • meningoencephalitis

Medical professionals may refer to them as West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNVD).

People should seek immediate medical attention if they have the following symptoms:

  • high fever
  • headache
  • neck stiffness
  • stupor
  • disorientation
  • tremors
  • seizures
  • muscular weakness
  • paralysis

People with WNVD may also suffer from a coma, which will require immediate emergency medical treatment.

According to CDC, the best way to protect yourself against WNV is to avoid mosquito bites. People can help protect themselves from mosquito bites by practicing the following:

  • use an insect repellent, such as DEET or an Environmental Protection Agency-approved insect repellent
  • spray repellent on any exposed skin but not on skin under clothing
  • applying repellent after applying any other products, such as sunscreen
  • wear long sleeves and pants
  • treating clothing with an insecticide, such as permethrin 0.5%
  • use screens on doors and windows
  • if possible, use air conditioning
  • using permethrin-treated mosquito nets above beds if needed
  • empty standing water once a week

If people have mild symptoms of WNV, they may be able to treat the virus at home with rest and pain medication.

People should contact a doctor immediately if they have symptoms of serious illness from WNV:

  • high fever
  • headache
  • neck stiffness
  • disorientation
  • stupor
  • tremors
  • seizures
  • muscular weakness
  • numbness
  • vision loss
  • paralysis
  • coma

WNV is a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. Mosquitoes carrying the virus can transmit it to humans through a mosquito bite.

In most cases, people do not experience any symptoms of WNV. Some people may experience mild, flu-like symptoms, such as fever.

In severe cases, the virus can cross the blood-brain barrier and cause serious illness. WNV can cause meningitis, encephalitis or meningoencephalitis.

If people have severe symptoms, such as a stiff neck, muscle weakness, or high fever, they should seek medical attention immediately.

Mosquitoes resistant to insecticides discovered in Jigawa Sun, 22 May 2022 21:43:29 +0000

A mosquito species resistant to most insecticide-treated bed nets except Primiphosmethyl-treated bed nets has been discovered in Jigawa State.

The discovery was made by a team of researchers from the Federal University of Dutse, led by Professor Mustapha Musa Dogara as part of their efforts to help in the fight against malaria.

The research is sponsored by the Global Malaria Program, as part of monitoring mosquito resistance against 3 classes of insecticides (pyrethroids, organochlorines and organophosphates) in the 36 states of the federation and the Territory of the federal capital.

Professor Dogara said the research became necessary when it became clear that mosquitoes around the world were developing resistance to long-lasting insecticide-treated nets coated with pyrethroid-based insecticides.

According to the professor, the breeding sites of the mosquito species have been identified and samples of its lavas have been collected from six local governments in Jigawa: Dutse, Birnin Kudu, Kafin Hausa, Auyo, Ringim and Taura.

The research results, Professor Dogara explained, show that only Primiphosmethl insecticides provide 100% protection against mosquitoes and their recommendation is that now only Primiphosmethl coated bed nets should be deployed in Jigawa State.

Reporting by Usman MZ; Editing by Muzha Kucha and Tony Okerafor

]]> olive ridleys: Baby Olive Ridleys Head To Sea From River Mouth | Bhubaneswar News Tue, 17 May 2022 22:20:00 +0000 Berhampur: Although several Olive Ridleys eggs were destroyed by beach erosion last week, thousands of baby turtles emerged from the sandy pits and began their journey to sea near the Rushikulya mouth offshore from the coast of Ganjam for the past two days.
“This year the massive hatching started on time in the rookery and is expected to continue for another four to five days. We are doing our best to ensure the safety of the baby turtles,” said Amlan Nayak, Divisional Forest Officer of Berhampur .
“While a record number of Olive Ridleys have laid eggs this time around, we are also expecting large numbers of baby turtles despite hundreds of eggs being damaged by beach erosion caused by high tides. under the influence of the cyclone last week,” added DFO. About 100 to 150 eggs are laid by each female turtle.
Around 5.50 lakh Olive Ridleys had laid eggs on an island beach near Podampet between March 28 and April 4. The species then returned to the sea.
As local people teamed up with forest officers to protect the baby turtles, forest officers fenced off the area with mosquito nets. “We surrounded the whole area to prevent the entry of wild dogs, jackals and hyenas. Patrolling the beach is also enabled. The volunteers retrieved a few baby turtles, which were diverted from their path, in a bucket, and released them back into the sea,” DFO said.
The forest department has also asked neighboring industries, the port of Gopalpur and the municipal authorities of Ganjam to dim the streetlights so that species are not attracted to the light. “We have also restricted visitors near the settlement,” the official added. ]]>
THE SHAME OF THE MALARIA SCOURLE Mon, 16 May 2022 01:18:43 +0000

Authorities could do more to contain the disease

In virtually every critical human development indicator, Nigeria falls behind. Despite costing Nigeria up to N132 billion a year, malaria has yet to receive the level of attention it deserves as government at all levels refuses to take responsibility of the disease. It is therefore no surprise when the Minister of Health, Osagie Ehinare, revealed recently that Nigeria has the highest number of malaria cases and deaths in the world. According to Ehinare, Nigeria alone has contributed to around 27% of the world’s malaria cases and 27% of the world’s deaths.

All Nigerians, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), are at risk of malaria as it is a tropical disease. The 2020 World Malaria Report released last month stated that “Malaria is transmitted throughout Nigeria; 76% of the population live in areas with high transmission, while 24% live in areas with low transmission. The transmission season can last all year round in the south and around three months or less in the north of the country. The main vector in most of the country is the Anopheles mosquito. »

While huge sums of money have been invested in this deadly disease, deaths continue to rise. Available statistics reveal that the Global Fund has committed some $708 million to the fight against malaria in Nigeria between 2008 and 2021, while the President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) has disbursed a total of $420 million since then. 2010. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) also year pledged to invest $90 million over the next five years in Nigeria to fight malaria in eight states.

Several programs and initiatives have also been put in place to combat the disease. In the year 2000, the slogan Roll Back Malaria (RBM) was launched with fanfare. RBM is a global initiative to halve the suffering caused by this disease by 2010. The initiative is growing as a social movement. The action is led by national authorities supported by a global partnership of development agencies, banks, private sector groups and researchers. We have also embarked on the phase of impregnated mosquito nets and hundreds of billions have fallen into the water. We are a country where the government fantasizes about slogans, deodorizes mantras and invests less action in deliverables.

Last October, the WHO announced its approval of the first malaria vaccine for children. The vaccine, codenamed RTS.S and manufactured by pharmaceutical company GKS, was approved after clinical trials involving two million doses in three countries: Ghana, Malawi and Kenya. This development is a breakthrough for public health, especially in our country, but we are not aware of any efforts by Nigerian authorities to engage the company.

The director of the Society for Family Health’s Malaria Project, Dr. Ernest Nwokolo, once used chilling images to highlight the depth of the scourge of malaria in Nigeria. He said the 800 Nigerian deaths recorded daily in the country due to malaria were equivalent to the daily crash of two Boeing 747s with no survivors. His data matched a statement by former US Ambassador to Nigeria James Entwistle that malaria “is responsible for 60% of outpatient visits to health facilities, 30% of child deaths, 25% of child deaths under one year and 11% of maternal deaths” in Nigeria.

Although Ehinare said the country had made efforts to contain the scourge of malaria, he did not highlight these measures even when the picture he painted of the challenge was of crisis proportion. Therefore, what Nigerians expect is not just a lamentation over the number of Nigerians killed by malaria, but rather what the authorities will do to change the unfortunate narrative.

Liberia makes progress towards elimination of malaria Fri, 13 May 2022 10:28:49 +0000

USAID Office of Health Director Jessica Healey said the country has made significant progress over the past five years in eradicating malaria.

Healey said malaria deaths have fallen by 67%, from 914 in 2007 to 300 in 2021, and the number of confirmed cases has fallen by 15%, from over a million to around 900,000.

“Since 2018, the U.S. government has purchased more than 3.6 million bed nets to prevent malaria, 27 million drugs to treat malaria, and 2.8 million drugs to prevent malaria infection in pregnant women,” said Healey said.

According to the World Health Organization, malaria is the leading cause of illness and death in Liberia, accounting for 46.9% of hospitalized outpatients in 2020. The disease is particularly likely to affect children and pregnant women .

Ms Harley, who spoke at Paynesville Town Hall on World Malaria Day, noted that despite progress, malaria remains Liberia’s most serious public health problem and the leading cause of child deaths.

“A number of people and babysitters don’t seek treatment early when they get sick and don’t see community health workers,” she said.

According to Director Harley, many people self-medicate with counterfeit and poor drugs and fail to acquire bed nets during mass distribution programs.

She pledged U.S. government support through the President’s Malaria Initiative to advance equality by increasing services to reach the underserved and hard-to-reach population.

Malaria Awareness is marked on April 25 each year to raise awareness of the catastrophic effects of the disease on families, communities and societal development, especially in sub-Saharan Africa.

The theme for this year’s festival was “Advancing Equality, Building Resilience, Ending Malaria”. It began with a month of huge social mobilization efforts and an interagency sports tournament, as well as talk shows on four radio stations, including ELBC, Truth FM, OK FM and ECOWAS.

The event ended with a parade from the premises of the Ministry of Health in Congo’s oldest city on Friday, May 6, 2022 to Paynesville City Hall for the culmination of activities.

During the parade, officials from the Ministry of Health and partners chanted “Zero Malaria Starts With Me” while educating the public about the disease.

According to D. Levi Hinneh, deputy director of the surveillance program of the national malaria control program, hosted the Roll Back Malaria Partnership program to discuss progress and challenges in the fight against the disease.

“The main issues raised by the audience during the four radio stations included: the need for continued public engagement through similar interaction, improving the quality of care in public health facilities, monitoring the use of bed nets after the mass distribution and raising public awareness on correct use The public also urged the anti-malarial community to put in place a system to prevent the misuse of bed nets as seen daily in the streets” , did he declare.

C. Stanford Wesseh, Assistant Minister for Vital Statistics, speaking on behalf of Minister of Health Dr. Wilhelmina Jallah recommended that people use mosquito nets to avoid catching the disease.

It has been shown to be profitable, he claims. “Sleeping under a mosquito net and getting prompt medical care has been shown to save money.”

Hon. Wesseh pledged the commitment of the Ministry of Health to ensure that people living in hard-to-reach areas have access to mosquito nets and anti-malaria products in all facilities, especially public health facilities, to that patients consult a doctor and receive adequate care.

“As we strive to end malaria, we know that in a country with insufficient resources it is very difficult, but there are effective interventions that we can all implement to ensure that we end malaria. “, did he declare.

Dr Moses Jeuronlon, Head of the WHO Malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV Programme, conveyed a message from the WHO Regional Director for Africa, Dr Matshidiso Moeti, on behalf of Dr Peter Clement, Representative of the WHO for Liberia. said that despite a slowdown in the pace of progress in reducing incidences and deaths from malaria, as well as delays from COVID-19, “we are still much further ahead than in 2000. We need to rekindle this momentum and build on recent advances.”

He went on to say that today was World Malaria Day, an opportunity to reaffirm the government’s commitment and encourage continued investment in malaria prevention and control.

Dr Jeuronlon called on countries and people affected by malaria to work closely with development partners while contributing to the achievement of other Sustainable Development Goals.

“Personally, and the WHO Regional Office for Africa, let us remain fully committed to the fight against malaria. I believe we can rise to the challenge if we work closely with governments, partners and communities.”

Couple shot dead in Islamabad – Newspaper Wed, 11 May 2022 02:15:29 +0000

ISLAMABAD: A couple was killed in the capital on Tuesday, police said.

According to the police, the bodies were found in a wooded area in Dhoke Jabi, located in Banigala.

They said passers-by spotted the murdered couple and notified police who attended the scene and transported the bodies to hospital. The man and woman had been shot in the head and appeared to have been murdered on Monday evening.

The recovery of the deceased’s CNIC enabled the identification of the victims, police said, adding that Banigala police then contacted their counterparts in Dir who informed them that the woman had married in her home town, but s eloped with the man for about two years. from.

The bodies have been identified as those of Shahabullah, 25, and Zeenat Omer, 24, from Dir. He was further informed that the families of the woman and her husband had been looking for them since their runaway.

Banigala police also asked Dir police to notify the families of the murder victims and asked them to come to the capital for further legal proceedings including an autopsy.

It remains to be established when the couple arrived in Islamabad and where they were staying, police said. From their condition, it looked like they were hiding. Two sleeping nets were found near the bodies, suggesting there was no permanent or suitable place for them to stay or sleep, police added.

Posted in Dawn, May 11, 2022

Drones deployed in Malawi in the fight against malaria Mon, 09 May 2022 10:46:00 +0000

Nestled between much larger neighbors in southeast Africa, Malawi – one of the world’s poorest countries – has one of the highest malaria rates in the world.

According to the World Health Organization’s latest malaria report, the incidence actually increased in 2020; cases fell from 3.8 million in 2019 to 4.3 million (the country’s total population is around 19 million) while deaths fell from 6,850 to 7,165.

Experts say the overburdened health system means people often die of diseases like malaria before they have access to medical care, while the pandemic has further disrupted health services. Reducing transmission potential is therefore seen as an essential part of the country’s fight against malaria.

In collaboration with the African Drone Academy and the Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust (MLW), researchers set out to track mosquito habitats in Malawi’s central Kasungu district, which has a large number of dams and reservoirs that support insect breeding sites during the dry season. .

Highly targeted malaria interventions

In a pilot study, researchers mapped potential larval habitats in a 10 square km area, with drones deployed to take detailed photos of the area from an altitude of around 120 m.

The researchers then used GPS to visit key water bodies and conduct larval sampling, to help identify optimal sites for mosquito breeding. They then tracked household exposure potential, allowing malaria disruption efforts to be highly targeted.

“We hope that our results can provide evidence of how malaria risk is affected by these small dams and other smallholder activities such as the creation of irrigation wells,” said Kennedy Zembere, assistant to research at MLW.

“Modifying water bodies to make [them] less suitable for mosquitoes is also the best way to control mosquitoes at the start of their growth,” he added. “This can include draining water bodies if they are small enough, or treating them with larvicides or chemicals that kill larvae if water bodies are too large to drain.”

Civil surgeon of Ludhiana issues an opinion against vector-borne diseases Sat, 07 May 2022 18:37:20 +0000 Ludhiana Civil Surgeon Dr SP Singh in the notice said the mosquito breeding season had already started and advised not to let the water stagnate.

Civil Surgeon Dr SP Singh has issued an advisory asking residents to protect themselves against vector-borne diseases like dengue fever and malaria

The Civil Surgeon said the mosquito breeding season has already started. Dr Singh said dengue is caused by the bite of a female mosquito, Aedes aegypti, which breeds in standing water in trays behind coolers, pans, tires and refrigerators.

“We must not allow water to stagnate in and around our homes. Standing water should be cleared on a weekday as directed by the health department. One should wear clothes that cover the trusses and legs to avoid mosquito bites, sleep with mosquito nets at bedtime at night and also use mosquito repellents,” Singh said.

Close story

Less time to read?

Try Quickreads

  • The Government Girls Senior High School team, Gill, who won the 9th Sub-Junior District Baseball Championship on Saturday.  (Photo HT)

    Ludhiana Sub-Junior Baseball Championship: Government Girls’ School Gill Wins Title

    The girls’ team from the Government Girls’ Main Secondary School, Gill, won the 9th Sub-Junior District Baseball Championship hosted by the Ludhiana District Baseball Association on Saturday. They defeated Gill Baseball Club 12-2 in the final. Seven girls’ teams took part in the tournament, including Government Girls Senior Secondary School, Gill; Nightingale Baseball Club, Khalsa Warriors Baseball Club, Gill Baseball Club, Nightingale Senior Secondary School, Baseball Club and Khalsa Baseball Club.

  • Villagers said it was the first time a leopard had been spotted in and around the village.  (Photo for representation)

    Leopard trapped in net dies of heatstroke in Bulandshahr

    MEERUT A young leopard died of heatstroke after being trapped in a net for more than 5 hours in a sugar cane field in Deorala village in Shikarpur area of ​​Bulandshahr district on Friday night. Bulandshahr Divisional Forestry Officer (DFO) Vinita Kumari admitted that a timely rescue operation could have saved the animal’s life. A leopard was trapped in the net on Friday and villagers spotted it in the afternoon.

  • City teachers demonstrate in November 2020. (Raj K Raj/HT Archive)

    Delhi: East MCD School teachers declare strike over back pay

    New Delhi: The Municipal Teachers’ Union has called for a joint strike from Monday to protest the delay in paying salaries, noting that the wait has touched five months for teachers and seven months for retirees in schools of the East Delhi Municipal Corporation. Ramniwas Solanki, who heads Nagar Nigam Shikshak Sangh – a teachers’ union of the three MCDs, said the situation was becoming unbearable for many families.

  • The Sion viaduct will remain closed to traffic every weekend until June 20

    The Sion viaduct will remain closed to traffic every weekend until June 20

    The flyover of Zion will remain closed to vehicular traffic every weekend until June 20 to allow the Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation to undertake repair works, traffic police said on Saturday. The Mumbai Traffic Police have laid out alternate routes for vehicle traffic during this period between 5 p.m. on Friday and 6 a.m. on Monday. Vehicles coming from South Mumbai towards Arora Junction will need to turn right.

  • The girl was raped at a primary school in a village in Lakhimpur Kheri district in the early hours of Friday.  (REPRESENTATIVE IMAGE)

    Rape of a minor in Lakhimpur Kheri: the police say 20,000 rewards for information about the accused

    The police decreed a reward of 20,000 on information about the fate of the accused in the rape of an eight-year-old girl within the confines of Phardhan police station in Lakhimpur Kheri district. Lakhimpur Kheri Police Superintendent Sanjiv Suman has formed police teams to track down Sarvesh and search operations have been carried out in this regard. The girl was raped in a village primary school in the early hours of Friday.

Southern Utah Bats Under Annual Examination by Area Biologists – St George News Thu, 05 May 2022 17:18:17 +0000

ST. GEORGE- In a cave system shaped by tectonic forces cracking ancient limestone, conditions are ideal for hosting one of southern Utah’s largest known bat colonies.

Townsend’s big-eared bat, like this specimen captured during the survey, is identified by its disproportionate ears often compared to ram’s horns, Washington County, Utah, April 25, 2022 | Photo by Ammon Teare, St. George News

But just because biologists know there are plenty of bats in Bloomington Cave from year to year doesn’t mean it’s easy to catch and catalog them during annual surveys.

One such examination was recently conducted on April 25 by a team from the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources. This year, as in previous years, the primary focus was tracking down one of the deadliest threats to bats in the United States: White Nose Syndrome.

“We have quite a few bat species here where it’s not at all understood how they’re going to react to white nose (syndrome), if they do,” said Keith Day, native species biologist with state wildlife. agency. “We don’t know exactly what’s going to happen – I would really say ‘if’ – but probably when it will come out here.”

Caused by an invasive species of fungus (Pseudogymnoascus destructans) that thrives in the cold, damp conditions typical of caves, white nose syndrome is estimated to have killed millions bats since it was first detected in North America in 2006.

The disease has spread across the continent from east to west, carried by migrating bats and unwitting cavers carrying the fungus on boots, clothing and climbing gear. Utah is among the last western states without a confirmed case, along with Arizona, Nevada, Idaho and Oregon.

Catch crafty cave dwellers

While surveying Bloomington Cave, biologists sought to determine if local bat colonies remain uncontaminated, deploying several fine-mesh nets over the main cave entrances to catch bats. as they emerged in the hours just after sunset.

A little brown bat with the characteristic white scab indicating white nose syndrome, Greeley Mine, Vermont, March 26, 2009 | Photo courtesy of Marvin Moriarty/USFWS via Flickr, St. George News

“Success is not positive samples,” Day said. “We may be getting bats from other areas, so if we get positive bats, it may mean bats are coming in and bringing them from somewhere else.”

After carefully disentangling the winged mammals from the nets and placing them in a soft cotton bag to weigh them, the biologists removed the bats’ wings and noses, recorded key body measurements and identified the sex and species. of each bat.

None of the seven bats captured during the evening survey showed signs of white nose syndrome, although Day said they planned to return for further testing to obtain a larger sample.

Earlier surveys carried out over the winter at Mammoth Cave and Bower’s Cave in Garfield County also showed no signs of the deadly fungus, meaning it’s likely the disease didn’t reach the bats. from Utah.

Surveys are conducted annually at Bloomington Cave, Mammoth, and Bower’s Cave due to the relatively large bat colonies they house. However, colonies like these are probably the exception and not the rule in southern Utah.

Kyle Voyles (left), cave specialist and outdoor recreation manager with the Bureau of Land Management, helps Day and Anderson set up netting at the north entrance to Bloomington Cave, Washington County, Utah, April 25, 2022 | Photo by Ammon Teare, St. George News

Even large western caves don’t support massive colonies like those often found in the eastern United States, Day said.

“A lot of our bats probably roost in ones, twos and fives in the cracks and crevices of the cliffs,” he said. “I know of a few colonies that may have a few hundred bats, but nothing like the numbers you see in the rest of the country.”

What Utah lacks in population, it makes up for in variety: Beehive State is home to at least 18 of the nation’s 47 bat species.

Several species of the genus myotis (meaning mouse ears) are commonly found in southern Utah, including thysanodes myotis, or fringed myotis. Day and his team caught fringed forget-me-nots and Townsend’s big-eared bats which apparently share use of Bloomington Cave’s mile and a half of caverns and corridors.

Why bother with those furry flyers?

Researchers are still struggling to piece together the big picture of bat health and their relationship to their local environment. The behavior, preferred habitat and size of bats make them difficult research topics, but some clear patterns emerged that Day and his colleagues would like more people to be aware of.

Theresa Griffin dabs the wing of a fringed bat, testing the bat for a fungal disease commonly known as “white nose syndrome”, Washington County, Utah, April 25, 2022 | Photo by Ammon Teare, St. George News

First, individual bats pose little danger to humans. Since all bats in Utah are insectivores, if ever a bat approaches a person traveling at night, it’s definitely not looking for blood.

“Bats aren’t afraid of humans at all,” Day said. “As far as I know, being around humans doesn’t bother them. They are curious animals, so they can fly up and watch you, then walk away.

Although much has been said about the risk of infection from interacting with a live or dead bat, the truth is that most bats do not carry rabies – although you should contact the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources to remove nuisance bats rather than dealing with them yourself.

Kyle Voyles, outdoor recreation manager and cave coordinator for the Bureau of Land Management, has certainly seen his fair share of animals while exploring caves around the world. Voyles joined the Bloomington Cave team for their evening survey and shared his insight into the role bats play in the animal community.

“Bats definitely play a very important role in the cave micro-ecosystem,” he said. “Many of the invertebrates that live in cave systems are detritivores, which means that they eat anything that falls on the ground. ) – this is what feeds many insects.

The nutrients bats bring into the cave environment support a microcosm unique to Bloomington Cave: Researchers identified six new species of invertebrates there in 2011. These newly described creatures were connected to bats. -mice via the larger cave food web.

Biologist Patrick Anderson struggles to carefully remove a bat entangled in nets placed outside the south entrance to Bloomington Cave, Washington County, Utah, April 25, 2022 | Photo by Ammon Teare, St. George News

Finally, when it comes to helping people, the most direct benefit of local bats is their voracious appetites. A single bat can eat hundreds of insects in one night, keeping mosquito, moth and beetle populations under control.

These benefits also translate to agriculture, where bats serve as a free and natural form of pest control. A economic analysis of the value brought by bats to North American Agriculture have estimated that bats could contribute between approximately $4 billion and $53 billion in pesticide savings.

Thus, protecting the health of bats ensures that their contributions in the form of pest control and their role in the food web are preserved. Ongoing investigations provide more data to better understand how bats and humans interact and to eventually find a solution to threats like white nose syndrome.

“I just want the public to know that bats are friends, not foes,” Voyles said. “They’re not the flying rats people say they are. We share the same territory: people go to caves where bats live, but they will respect us if we respect them.

Photo gallery

Copyright St.George News, LLC, 2022, all rights reserved.

Udupi: School children who have become ambassadors of awareness on dengue fever, malaria, hygiene Tue, 03 May 2022 12:27:30 +0000

Daijiworld Multimedia Network – Udupi (MS)

Udupi, May 3: The health department is organizing a special operation to fight malaria and dengue fever in the district. Schoolchildren will be the ambassadors of the program.

In 2022, from January to March, five cases of malaria were reported in the city. The corresponding period figure for 2021 was eight. In case of dengue, the cases were 16 from January to March 2021. But this figure increased to 75 in 2022. No less than 51 cases in Kollur, Mudoor and Jadkal shocked the health department.

Only if the health department mounts a wartime operation against malaria and dengue can they be brought under control by April.

Deputy Commissioner M Kurma Rao led a 10-day special operation. Stickers are placed on water tanks in houses and apartments to prevent lids from flying during the monsoon.

Hotels and lodges are instructed to put screens on windows and doors. Street plays and Yakshagana are used to raise awareness. The coconut husks fixed in the rubber trees are emptied and overturned as well.

Dr Prashant Bhat, Malaria Control Officer, Udupi District Department of Health and Family Welfare, said: “A 25-bed Dengue Ward will start operating at the Government Hospital. taluk of Kundapur. ASHA, CHO and ANM workers are delegated in sufficient numbers for a month-long dengue fever operation in rubber and pineapple plantations in Mudoor and Jadkal regions. Mosquito control will be through fever survey and larval detection. Due to the increase in environmental temperature, the breeding time of mosquitoes is reduced from seven days to five days. This increases the number of mosquitoes. It is only when we increase human resources that it is possible to control them.